1. What is the correct way to apply eye cream?

The eye cream should be applied by lightly tapping it around the contour of the eye, making sure not to apply it too close to the lashes and the eye-socket, in order to prevent it from penetrating into the tear canal ( lacrimal canaliculus), which constitutes the common cause for the appearance of “bags” under the eyes.

2. The moisturiser that I use contains a sun protector. Can I be satisfied with it and not apply sunscreen over it?

The sun protectors which are found in many skin care products are in fact identical to the ones found in designated sunscreens. However, the amount of protective material in regular moisturiser is insufficient. In order to achieve satisfactory protection, it is necessary to apply the sunscreen generously (2 milligrams of cream to every 2 centimetres of the skin— meaning, half a teaspoon for the entire face, neck, and ears), and since only a small amount of moisturiser is applied, the amount of sun-block is not enough.

3. Over the past few years, pigmentation spots have appeared on my skin, and they are multiplying. How can I lighten them?

Hyperpigmentation occurs when an excessive amount of melanin is produced in the skin. Specialised products are designed to lighten the skin. They are based on ingredients which have been proven efficient for this purpose: Kojic acid and Arbutin inhibit the production of melanin in the skin; Hydroquinone destroys the melanin cells in the skin; Retin A assists in regulating the production of melanin and accelerates rate of cell-division and regeneration of the skin creating an effect that is similar to peeling. In addition, it is recommended to treat skin with Lactic acid— an alpha-hydroxy acid that helps rejuvenate the skin and provides impressive results in reducing skin spots. It is important to remember that the best treatment is prevention through regular and meticulous use of sunscreens. Effective sunscreen provides protection from both UVA radiation and UVB radiation, and has sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15.

4. My skin tends to be shiny, and two hours after applying a moisturizer and makeup, it already looks oily. How should it be treated to reduce the shine?

With oily, shiny skin, it is recommended to use skin care products, makeup and sunscreen with a light texture, water based and oil-free. It is important to make sure to thoroughly cleanse the skin in the mornings and in the evenings. It is recommended to cleanse it using a foaming gel with a neutral pH 5.5 and complete the cleansing with a facial lotion or toner that is customised for the skin type. It is important not to use aggressive cleansings which may cause the skin to develop a counter-reaction and produce even more sebum.

5. I had a professional peeling treatment with alpha and beta hydroxy acids, and after the treatment my skin became reddish. Is this a normal reaction?

Absolutely, yes. The alpha and beta hydroxy acids generate heat, which is part of the peeling’s activity. As a result, in fact, redness appears on the face of every person who has the treatment, including people who are usually not prone to redness. In some cases the reaction is more visible, whereas in others it is less apparent. In any case, the redness decreases and gradually disappears thirty minutes to an hour after the treatment.

6. I suffer from sensitive skin. Which products should I use?

With sensitive skin, it is recommended to use products with neutral pH, which will not interrupt the balance of the outer protective layer of the skin. Such products will balance the skin, and will not dry or irritate it. When the skin is sensitive and irritated, the recommendation is to use customised skin care program to prevent excessive sensitivity, irritation and assist in skin regeneration as well as reducing discomfort, redness, inflammations and swelling of the skin.

7. I suffer from acne and I’m being treated by Roaccutane (Isotretinoin), which causes an excessive dryness. What can be done in order to reduce this dryness?

Indeed, Roaccutane may cause skin dryness. In order to relieve this uncomfortable condition, it is important to use a moisturiser on regular basis and choose a product which is specifically designed for problematic skin, as incorrect product that is too rich or aggressive may cause an aggravation of the acne. In addition, it is important to avoid products which contain retinol, because the combination of it with Roaccutane may increase the dryness and sensitivity even more. It is important to know that the Roaccutane may cause hyper-sensitivity to the sun, which leads to the hyperpigmentation. It is also important to refrain from sun-exposure as much as possible while being treated with the medication, and to make sure to apply sunscreen whenever going out to the sun with SPF 30 as a minimum.

8. I have been using a moisturiser and a mask, which I am very happy with, for years. Should I replace them so the skin won’t grow accustomed and stop reacting to them?

There is no reason to desert products that are efficient and beneficial for the skin. Skin care products should be replaced only when the skin undergoes changes and according to the skin condition.

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